### Journal profile

## Latest Articles

## Pulsatile Blood Flow Simulation for Subject-Specific Geometry of a Human Aortic Arch

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2023**, 3(1), 1-19. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2023.606

**Abstract**

Pulsatile blood flow in a subject-specific human aortic arch and its major branches is studied computationally for a peak Reynolds number of 1553 and a Womersley number of 22.74. The aortic geometry is constructed from the CT-scan images of a subject. The aorta has out-of-plane curvature and significant area variation along the flow direction. A physiologically

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Pulsatile blood flow in a subject-specific human aortic arch and its major branches is studied computationally for a peak Reynolds number of 1553 and a Womersley number of 22.74. The aortic geometry is constructed from the CT-scan images of a subject. The aorta has out-of-plane curvature and significant area variation along the flow direction. A physiologically representative pulsatile velocity waveform is applied as boundary condition at the inlet of the aorta. The primary velocity profiles are skewed towards the inner wall of the ascending aorta during the entire cardiac cycle. In the decelerating phase, reverse flow is noted along the inner wall and the magnitude of maximum velocity is about 50 % of the peak flow condition. Flow separation is observed in the inner wall of the ascending aorta during the decelerating and reverse flow phases of the cardiac cycle. In the accelerating phase, however, flow separation does not occur. The major observation of the present work is the existence of complex and asymmetrical vortical flow structures which are not observed either in simple curved pipes or in idealized aortic arch computational studies. The relative strength of the secondary flow with respect to the primary flow is quantified by means of Relative Secondary Kinetic Energy whose highest value is evaluated to be 1.202 occurring near the entrance of the right carotid artery during the maximum reverse flow condition. High values of wall shear stress is observed at distal of the left and right subclavian arteries, the bifurcation of brachiocephalic artery between right subclavian artery and right carotid artery, and proximal inner wall of descending aorta during the cardiac cycle. The wall shear stress at the bifurcations of the branches are low and oscillatory and generally correlates with the preferential sites for atherosclerosis. The flow structures on the aorta wall are explicitly highlighted by the limiting streamlines. The application of limiting streamlines to clearly elucidate the complex on-wall flow structures is one of the key contributions of the present study. During the decelerating and reverse flow phases several critical points are observed on the aortic wall. These complex flow structures vanish during the accelerating phase. The observations made in the present study will be helpful in creating accurate and clinically useful computational models.Full article

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Article

## The Application of Machine Learning in the Corona Era, With an Emphasis on Economic Concepts and Sustainable Development Goals

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 95-149. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.519

**Abstract**

The aim of this article is to examine the impacts of Coronavirus Disease -19 (Covid-19) vaccines on economic condition and sustainable development goals. In other words, we are going to study the economic condition during Covid19. We have studied the economic costs of pandemic, benefits in terms of gross domestic

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The aim of this article is to examine the impacts of Coronavirus Disease -19 (Covid-19) vaccines on economic condition and sustainable development goals. In other words, we are going to study the economic condition during Covid19. We have studied the economic costs of pandemic, benefits in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), public finances and employment, investment on vaccines around the world, progress and totally the economic impacts of vaccines and the impacts of emerging markets (EM) on achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs), including no poverty, good health and well-being, zero hunger, reduced inequality etc. The importance of emerging economies in reducing the harmful effects of the Corona has also been noted. We have tried to do experimental results and forecast daily new death cases from Feb-2020 to Aug-2021 in Iran using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Beetle Antennae Search (BAS) algorithm as a case study with econometric models and regression analysis. The findings show that Covid19 has had devastating economic and health effects on the world, and the vaccine can be very helpful in eliminating these effects specially in long-term. We observed that there is inequality in the distribution of Corona vaccines in rich countries compared to poor which EM can decrease the gap between them. The results show that both models (i.e., Artificial intelligence (AI) and econometric models) almost have the same results but AI optimization models can robust the model and prediction. The main contribution of this article is that we have surveyed the impacts of vaccination from socio-economic viewpoint not just report some facts and truth. We have surveyed the impacts of vaccines on sustainable development goals and the role of EM in achieving SDGs. In addition to using the theoretical framework, we have also used quantitative and empirical results that have rarely been seen in other articles.Full article

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Article

## Asymptotic Properties of the Semigroup Generated by a Continuous Interval Map

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 77-94. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.468

**Abstract**

The article's purpose is twofold. First, we wish to draw attention to the insufficiently known field of continuous-time difference equations. These equations are paradigmatic for modeling complexity and chaos. Even the simplest equation , easily leads to complex dynamics, its solutions are perfectly suited to simulate strong nonlinear phenomena such

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The article's purpose is twofold. First, we wish to draw attention to the insufficiently known field of continuous-time difference equations. These equations are paradigmatic for modeling complexity and chaos. Even the simplest equation , easily leads to complex dynamics, its solutions are perfectly suited to simulate strong nonlinear phenomena such as large-to-small cascades of structures, intermixing, formation of fractals, etc. Second, in the main body of the article we present a small but very important part of the theory behind the above equation marked by . Just as the discrete-time analog of this equation induces the one-dimensional dynamical system on some interval , so the equation induces the infinite-dimensional dynamical system on the space of functions . In the latter case, not only are the long-term behaviours of solutions critically dependent on the limit behaviour of the sequence (as in the discrete case) but also on the internal structure of as . Assuming to be continuous, we consider the iterations of as the semigroup generated by on the space of continuous maps, and introduce the notion of a limit semigroup for in a wider map space in order to investigate asymptotic properties of . We construct a limit semigroup in the space of upper semicontinuous maps. This enables us to describe both of the aforementioned aspects of our interest around the iterations of.Full article

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Article

## New Approach to Statistical Analysis of Election Results

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 68-76. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.466

**Abstract**

In this paper, a new method of detection of election fraud is proposed. This method is based on the calculation of the ratio of two standard normal random variables; estimation of parameters of obtained sample and comparison of these estimates with known theoretical values of parameters. Also in the paper,

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In this paper, a new method of detection of election fraud is proposed. This method is based on the calculation of the ratio of two standard normal random variables; estimation of parameters of obtained sample and comparison of these estimates with known theoretical values of parameters. Also in the paper, there is an example of the application of the described method.Full article

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Article

## Check if a Graph is Bipartite or not & Bipartite Graph Coloring using Java

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 61-67. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.448

**Abstract**

Nowadays, graphs including bigraphs are mostly used in various real-world applications such as search engines and social networks. The bigraph or bipartite graph is a graph whose vertex set is split into two disjoint vertex sets such that there is no edge between the same vertex set. The bipartite graphs

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Nowadays, graphs including bigraphs are mostly used in various real-world applications such as search engines and social networks. The bigraph or bipartite graph is a graph whose vertex set is split into two disjoint vertex sets such that there is no edge between the same vertex set. The bipartite graphs are colored using only two colors. This article checks if a given graph is bipartite or not and finds the color assignments of the bipartite graph using Java implementation.Full article

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Short Communications & Source Code

## Graph Coloring on Bipartite Graphs

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 56-60. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.422

**Abstract**

Recently graph coloring is applied in some real-world applications that involve different types of networks including bipartite graphs. There are two colors are used to color any bipartite graph in which the vertex set is colored with the same integer. This research develops an algorithm for coloring a bipartite graph

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Recently graph coloring is applied in some real-world applications that involve different types of networks including bipartite graphs. There are two colors are used to color any bipartite graph in which the vertex set is colored with the same integer. This research develops an algorithm for coloring a bipartite graph and the results are tested on sample instances.Full article

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Short Report

## The Advances in Recommendation Systems – Theoretical Analysis

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 52-55. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.429

**Abstract**

Most people can't subscribe to every direct-to-consumer platform today, and the number is growing. The platform's content and the user's experience influence the decision to subscribe or buy. Today's consumers anticipate instantaneously curated content exploration, acquisition, and consumption. Media firms actively seek to increase both click-through rate and profitability by

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Most people can't subscribe to every direct-to-consumer platform today, and the number is growing. The platform's content and the user's experience influence the decision to subscribe or buy. Today's consumers anticipate instantaneously curated content exploration, acquisition, and consumption. Media firms actively seek to increase both click-through rate and profitability by enhancing the user experience and enticing customers to subscribe or buy premium content through recommender systems. The direct-to-consumer platforms may maintain user engagement after consumers have visited the contents by providing suggestions that make the most of the site's rich content catalogs. By bringing it to the attention of viewers based on their viewing habits, for instance, effective recommendation systems might boost earnings for underappreciated "long tail" content. This research explores various recommender system types currently in widespread usage with an analysis of some of the fascinating breakthroughs.Full article

Review Article

## Open-Source Datasets for Recommender Systems Analysis

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(2), 49-51. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.350

**Abstract**

There are different traditional and nontraditional datasets available to investigate the performance of recommender systems. This article focuses on the different datasets required for the investigation of recommender systems.

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There are different traditional and nontraditional datasets available to investigate the performance of recommender systems. This article focuses on the different datasets required for the investigation of recommender systems.Full article

Mini Review

## Role of Electronic Components in Computing

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(1), 47-48. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.336

**Abstract**

Electronics and computer engineering is a scientific and technical field in which electronic and computer systems are studied and their use. They are related to the technical professions within which electronic devices, systems, and computer programs are realized. The past half-century has been greatly marked by the development of electronics,

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Electronics and computer engineering is a scientific and technical field in which electronic and computer systems are studied and their use. They are related to the technical professions within which electronic devices, systems, and computer programs are realized. The past half-century has been greatly marked by the development of electronics, computing, and their application in communications, medicine, and industry. This field has become the fundamental technical infrastructure of modern society. Today, there is almost no electronic device that does not use an electronic computer, and there is also not a single computer that is almost exclusively made of electronic components. This article explores the need for electronic components in digital computing.Full article

Tutorial

## Create a Book Recommendation System using Collaborative Filtering

*International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering, Biological and Applied Computing*

**2022**, 1(1), 44-46. DOI: 10.31586/ijmebac.2022.341

**Abstract**

One of the most important applications of data science is the recommendation system. Every organization requires a good recommendation system to express a large range of items. This research focuses on the creation of a book recommender system using collaborative filtering.

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One of the most important applications of data science is the recommendation system. Every organization requires a good recommendation system to express a large range of items. This research focuses on the creation of a book recommender system using collaborative filtering.Full article

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ISSN: 2832-5273

DOI prefix: 10.31586/ijmebac

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