Online Journal of Materials Science <p>Online Journal of Materials Science(Materials) is an open access journal of related scientific research and technology development. It publishes reviews, regular research papers (articles) and short communications. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. Therefore, there is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. Online Journal of Materials Science provides a forum for publishing papers which advance the in-depth understanding of the relationship between the structure, the properties or the functions of all kinds of materials. Chemical syntheses, chemical structures and mechanical, chemical, electronic, magnetic and optical properties and various applications will be considered.</p> en-US Online Journal of Materials Science High Radio Frequencies interaction of Composite Materials using Rectangular Waveguide <p>The main goal of this paper is studying the composite material behavior under microwave which they used in antennas reflectors. For that, a transmission line method based on X- band WR90 rectangular waveguide is used. The Bi-anisotropic electrical properties are defined as tensors in finite element model. The fibers of the single layer composite are oriented in different directions. The S-parameters (S11 and S12) are calculated using COMSOL Multiyphysics, the S-parameters and currents density behavior show that they very affected by the orientations of the fibers which mean must be considered in any design of RF equipments, more the fibers are parallel with the electrical field more the reflection coefficient get higher.</p> Safer Omar Adib Bensaid Samir Copyright (c) 2022 Online Journal of Materials Science 2022-09-21 2022-09-21 52 64 Kinetic, Equilibrium and Thermodynamics Study of the Adsorption of Pb(Ii), Cu(Ii) and Ni(Ii) from Aqueous Solution using Mangiferaindica Leaves <p>The kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic study of the adsorption of Ni<sup>2+</sup>, Pb<sup>2+</sup> and Cu<sup>2+</sup>ions from aqueous solution by the leaf of Mangiferaindica were investigated at different experimental conditions. Optimum conditions of initial metal ion concentration, pH, adsorbent dose, contact time and temperature were determined. The kinetics studies indicate that the adsorption process of the metals ions followed the pseudo second-order model with R<sup>2</sup> value of 0.9938, 1.00 and 1.00 respectively. Equilibrium studies showed that the adsorption of Ni<sup>2+</sup>, Pb<sup>2+</sup> and Cu<sup>2+</sup> ions are well represented by both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm but the Langmuir model gave a better fit for Pb<sup>2+</sup> ions with R<sup>2</sup> value of 0.9950 and Langmuir constant K<sub>L</sub> of 4.3383 while Freundlich isotherm model best fit the experimental data of lead(II) and nickel(II) with a R<sup>2</sup> value of 0.976 and 0.9973 and Freundlich constant K<sub>F</sub> value of 4.2677 and 0.0874. The calculated thermodynamics parameters of Ni<sup>2+</sup>, Pb<sup>2+ </sup>and Cu<sup>2+</sup> ions are ( ΔG<sup>o</sup> -1182.49,-5479.1 and 613.48 KJ/mol) showed that the adsorption of Ni<sup>2+</sup> and Pb<sup>2+</sup>are spontaneous while Cu<sup>2+ </sup>non-spontaneous. The findings indicate that the leaf of Mangiferaindica could be used for the adsorption of Ni<sup>2+</sup>, Pb<sup>2+</sup> and Cu<sup>2+</sup> ions from industrial effluents.</p> Nasiru Pindiga Yahaya Aliyu Ahmad Deedat Yakong David Madugu Adamu Abubakar Copyright (c) 2022 Online Journal of Materials Science 2022-04-27 2022-04-27 16 29 Cellulose Nanofiber Lamination of the Paper Substrates via Spray Coating – Proof of Concept and Barrier Performance <p>Cellulose nanofibre (CNF) is a biorenewable and biodegradable nanomaterial and belongs to fibrous based carbohydrate polymers applied in the fabrication of various functional materials such as coating, nanocomposite, flexible electronics substrates and biomedical devices. Recently, CNF can be used as coating material for papers and paperboards to replace synthetic plastics, wax and aluminum foil which is not recyclable and also a threat to environment. The coating of CNF on the paper substrates enhances their barrier and mechanical properties. Spray coating is a newly proposed technique to deposit CNF on the paper and produce CNF laminates on the surface of paper to block their surface pores and allowing improve their barrier performance against water vapor, air and oxygen. Various concentration of CNF was sprayed on various paper substrates such as newsprint papers, packaging paper (brown paper) and blotting papers. The air permeability of CNF laminated paper substrates is completely impermeable against air. The SEM micrograph reveals that the surface pores in the paper substrates are filled with sprayed CNF and formed a barrier film as a laminate on the paper substrates. As a result, a considerable drop in the air permeability of the paper substrates was observed. Given this correspondence, spraying of cellulose nanofiber on the paper substrates allows the improvement of barrier performance and proof of concept for coating CNF on the paper and paperboard.</p> Kirubanandan Shanmugam Copyright (c) 2022 Online Journal of Materials Science 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 30 51 Effects of Carbon Nanotube Structure, Purity, and Alignment on the Heat Conduction Properties of Carbon Films and Fibers <p>The increasing popularity of carbon nanotubes has created a demand for greater scientific understanding of the characteristics of thermal transport in nanostructured materials. However, the effects of impurities, misalignments, and structure factors on the thermal conductivity of carbon nanotube films and fibers are still poorly understood. Carbon nanotube films and fibers were produced, and the parallel thermal conductance technique was employed to determine the thermal conductivity. The effects of carbon nanotube structure, purity, and alignment on the thermal conductivity of carbon films and fibers were investigated to understand the characteristics of thermal transport in the nanostructured material. The importance of bulk density and cross-sectional area was determined experimentally. The results indicated that the prepared carbon nanotube films and fibers are very efficient at conducting heat. The structure, purity, and alignment of carbon nanotubes play a fundamentally important role in determining the heat conduction properties of carbon films and fibers. Single-walled carbon nanotube films and fibers generally have high thermal conductivity. The presence of non-carbonaceous impurities degrades the thermal performance due to the low degree of bundle contact. The thermal conductivity may present power law dependence with temperature. The specific thermal conductivity decreases with increasing bulk density. At room temperature, a maximum specific thermal conductivity is obtained but Umklapp scattering occurs. The specific thermal conductivity of carbon nanotube fibers is significantly higher than that of carbon nanotube films due to the increased degree of bundle alignment.</p> Junjie Chen Copyright (c) 2022 Online Journal of Materials Science 2022-02-24 2022-02-24 1 11 New Parameter for Characterization of Dispersed Systems <p>A new parameter was proposed, with the help of which a specific disperse system was characterized. In addition, a regularity was found showing the relationship between the structural characteristics of structural units (particle size distribution, standard deviation, intensity and average diameter). Various highly dispersed systems have been investigated, including polystyrene latex, Sucrose and latex.</p> Sergey Hayrapetyan Gevorg Simonyan Copyright (c) 2022 Online Journal of Materials Science 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 12 15