Open Journal of Psychology

Journal profile

Open Journal of Psychology (OJP) is an international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in psychology. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for doctors and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in psychology related problems.

Latest Articles

Open Access September 9, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Internet addiction: A summary towards an Integration of Current Knowledge and broad Perspectives

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(2), 84-96. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.418
Abstract
The internet originated as a neutral device that was predominantly created to bring ease to the lives of people by making available all the information needed for the growth and prosperity of human beings, but the misuse of this communication medium has created a lot of challenges and the internet
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The internet originated as a neutral device that was predominantly created to bring ease to the lives of people by making available all the information needed for the growth and prosperity of human beings, but the misuse of this communication medium has created a lot of challenges and the internet addiction is one of them. Internet addiction is a rapidly growing phenomenon exhibiting alarming prevalence rates and a widely recognized problematic condition around the world. Preliminary findings have shown that the unrestrained availability of this communication medium has unfetteredly increased the rate of various complications including psychological disturbances, neurological problems, and social issues. Moreover, it has accelerated the probability of those having an underlying psychological disorder being at serious risk of becoming addicted to the internet, therefore, it has stirred a hot topic of discussion among the mental health communities. The aim of this paper was to deliberately provide a brief overview of the theoretical considerations and ongoing research on internet addiction. A detailed review analysis was performed addressing the types of internet addiction, epidemiology, comorbidities associated with the excessive use of the internet, and different treatment options. Moreover, future areas of research were highlighted stressing the significance of reaching a consensus on characterizing primary features of internet addiction, and an outlook on the future goals of ongoing research has been demonstrated.Full article
Review Article
Open Access September 1, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Public Perspective on the Negative Impacts of Substance Use-Related Social Media Content on Adolescents: A Survey

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(2), 77-83. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.378
Abstract
Despite the pervasive nature of internet use among adolescents and young adults, there is not enough knowledge about whether and how involvement in social media influences substance use patterns and the risk of drug use-related problems. This study was conducted to examine the complex relationship between substance use-related social media
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Despite the pervasive nature of internet use among adolescents and young adults, there is not enough knowledge about whether and how involvement in social media influences substance use patterns and the risk of drug use-related problems. This study was conducted to examine the complex relationship between substance use-related social media engagement (viewing, liking, commenting, and posting the substance use-related social media content) and the drug use-related problem in adolescents from public perception. We surveyed to determine the perception of social media users regarding the association between substance use-related social media content and substance/drug abuse problems. An anonymous online questionnaire was conducted to collect the response from each participant. The response was generated after collecting the data from 126 users of mixed ages. The data was stringently analyzed, and the response was displayed in the form of bar charts. The primary findings indicated a significant relationship between drug/alcohol-related social media engagement and drug/alcohol-related problems. From public perception, a positive correlation was found between the engagement in the drug use-related content and drug use associated problems. However, further research is needed to determine the right direction of these associations that can provide substantiative solutions for numerous interventions aiming to prevent drug use-related adverse consequences.Full article
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Discussion
Open Access August 4, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Effects of Stress on the Job Performance of Psychiatric Nurses

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(1), 58-76. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.395
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of stress on the job performance of psychiatric nurses in the Ankaful Psychiatric Hospital in Cape Coast. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample of 150 psychiatric nurses were selected from a population of 197 psychiatric
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of stress on the job performance of psychiatric nurses in the Ankaful Psychiatric Hospital in Cape Coast. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample of 150 psychiatric nurses were selected from a population of 197 psychiatric nurses using a simple random sampling procedure. Data were collected using the Weiman Occupational Stress Scale (WOSS) questionnaire. 143 answered questionnaires were retrieved out of the 150 questionnaires offered, giving a 95% return rate. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that the psychiatric nurses' job performance were negatively affected due to the effects of stress, which include mild to severe headache, loss of concentration, exhaustion, anger, overreaction, finding excuses and absence from work, and forgetfulness. The study recommended that the hospital authorities structure the work schedules of psychiatric nurses so that the nurses can get intermittent periods of leave away from work while providing the logistics to make the work of psychiatric nurses easy.Full article
Research Article
Open Access August 2, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Causes, Effects and Management of Science Anxiety among Senior High School Students in Old Tafo Municipality of Ghana

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(1), 46-57. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.384
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to investigate the causes, effects, and management of science anxiety among Senior High School (SHS) students in the Old Tafo Metropolis of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 337 students were selected
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the causes, effects, and management of science anxiety among Senior High School (SHS) students in the Old Tafo Metropolis of the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 337 students were selected from Osei Kyeretwie Senior High School and Al Azhariya Islamic Senior High School using the stratified random sampling procedure. Data were collected by using the Science Anxiety Scale and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that the respondents had some level of science anxiety in relation to doing science homework, having a negative attitude toward the science teacher, having fearful when entering the science classroom as well as solving science problems. The study also revealed that the causes of science anxiety involve the content, lack of infrastructure, and inadequate teaching and learning materials to make the subject easy to understand. The study revealed that science anxiety affected students’ academic performance negatively, reduced their interest in science, prevent them from pursuing science programmes in the future, and also affected school attendance. The study recommended that school heads should provide the necessary infrastructure and teaching materials that will make the teaching and learning of science practical and easy to understand.Full article
Research Article
Open Access June 27, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Perceived Interparental Conflicts Irrational Beliefs and Mental Health among Juvenile Offenders

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(1), 29-45. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.319
Abstract
The present study examines a sample of 140 juveniles. Study aimed to explore the relationship between interparental conflicts, irrational beliefs and mental health. Sample of the study was taken from borstal jail Faisalabad and district jail Lahore. Perceived interparental conflicts scale (CPIC), Irrational beliefs inventory (IBI) and mental health inventory
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The present study examines a sample of 140 juveniles. Study aimed to explore the relationship between interparental conflicts, irrational beliefs and mental health. Sample of the study was taken from borstal jail Faisalabad and district jail Lahore. Perceived interparental conflicts scale (CPIC), Irrational beliefs inventory (IBI) and mental health inventory (MHI) was use Results indicated that psychological distress has significant positive relationship with interparental conflicts and mental health. Furthermore, it was found that interparental conflicts significantly predict irrational beliefs. The study will give insights into as what type of interparental conflicts predicts irrational beliefs and different mental health problems in juveniles. It may help clinical psychologists/mental health practitioners to develop appropriate ways to manage interparental conflicts, irrational beliefs and mental health problems. Findings of the study may help mental health practitioners to develop appropriate assessment and treatment programs.Full article
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Research Article
Open Access March 16, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Postpartum Depression during the Pandemic Crisis in Bangladesh: A Teleconsultation Insight

Open Journal of Psychology 2022, 2(1), 25-28. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2022.245
Abstract
Given the limited access to medical facilities, impeding lockdown, and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic, an upsurge in postpartum depression among pregnant mothers in their puerperal period has become more apparent alongside an eventual increase in suicidal behavior. This article aimed to discuss the crucial aspects of different clinical
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Given the limited access to medical facilities, impeding lockdown, and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic, an upsurge in postpartum depression among pregnant mothers in their puerperal period has become more apparent alongside an eventual increase in suicidal behavior. This article aimed to discuss the crucial aspects of different clinical case studies treated during recent periods throughout the COVID-19 pandemic via teleconsultations. We hoped to demonstrate tremendous opportunities for the application of healthcare via therapeutic tools online in telemedicine to manage such conditions in a developing country like Bangladesh with a severe scarcity of healthcare infrastructure and resources.Full article
Case Report
Open Access January 10, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Low Emotional Self-regulation of Children and Adolescents with Traumatic Experiences Impacts on Their Life Quality

Open Journal of Psychology 2021, 2(1), 1-16. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2021.199
Abstract
Emotional regulation of children and adolescents is a very important process for their development. Emotional self-regulation encouraged the children and adolescents to control aggressive emotional outbursts. This study purpose is to exam the effect of emotional self-regulation on the life quality of children and adolescents with traumatic experiences. A systematic
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Emotional regulation of children and adolescents is a very important process for their development. Emotional self-regulation encouraged the children and adolescents to control aggressive emotional outbursts. This study purpose is to exam the effect of emotional self-regulation on the life quality of children and adolescents with traumatic experiences. A systematic review was conducted to examine research on effect of low emotional self-regulation on the life quality among children and adolescents with traumatic experiences. The initial search generated 1.245 research articles, 170 of which were reviewed for detailed evaluation; ultimately, 11 research articles published in the period 2012-2021 were included. Children and adolescents with traumatic experiences all over the world samples were the most represented in research articles. It used thematic synthesis to combine the research articles of low emotional self-regulation on the life quality among children and adolescents with traumatic experiences and identified key themes to explore in the impact studies. Across 11 articles, regardless of the traumatic type of event, it was found that children and adolescents’ low self-regulation affects their ability to express themselves in a functional and productive way. Negative accumulated emotions, which do not externalize sexually and physically abused children and adolescents with low emotional self-regulation gradually lead to some type of emotional disconnection. In conclusion, sexual, physical abuse and war-refugee situations in childhood are more associated with the onset of post - traumatic stress disorder, emotional disorders and difficulties in self - regulation of emotions.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access December 25, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Contributions of Physical Activity in Individuals with a Diagnosis of Depression: A Literature Review

Open Journal of Psychology 2021, 1(1), 32-39. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2021.191
Abstract
This study is a literature review with a qualitative approach. It is justified by the significant increase in diseases acquired through lifestyle habits that generate health risks, which impair and are responsible for decreasing longevity and decreasing quality of life, such as hypertension, depression, obesity and respiratory tract diseases. Physical
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This study is a literature review with a qualitative approach. It is justified by the significant increase in diseases acquired through lifestyle habits that generate health risks, which impair and are responsible for decreasing longevity and decreasing quality of life, such as hypertension, depression, obesity and respiratory tract diseases. Physical activity is recognized as a protective factor for health, and its benefits are associated with the reduction of chronic diseases and a decrease in the risk of premature death from diseases related to a sedentary lifestyle. The objective of this research is to search and identify, within the scientific literature, if there are in fact contributions from the practice of physical activity in subjects diagnosed with depression. For the categorization of studies and selection of materials, the following keywords were determined: physical exercise and depression and physical activity and depression. As inclusion criteria for data analysis and interpretation, the following were considered: articles in Portuguese, full texts, published in health journals, between the years 2005 to 2015. As exclusion criteria, we considered articles found by descriptors that did not contain one or more of the inclusion criteria. In this study, articles were selected by searching the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Lilacs. The choice of these databases was prioritized due to the quality and reliability of the materials available, and their easy access. 77 articles were found, of which 4 were selected to be part of this research. It can be noted that physical activity showed positive aspects and possible contributions and can be considered as a bias in an adjunct to conventional pharmacological treatments. The need for further clarification about the disease in relation to psychological, social and physiological issues is also evident, thus opening the possibility for further studies and research on the subject, so that in this way they can guide possible interventions that help in the treatment of the depression.Full article
Review Article
Open Access December 9, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

The Quasi-paranoid Empathy of Healthcare Staff in a Generalized Covid-phobic Context in West Cameroon's Hospital Institutions

Open Journal of Psychology 2021, 1(1), 22-31. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2021.175
Abstract
The present study raises the problem of empathy of caregivers vis-à-vis patients in a covid/post-covid context. It is based on the observation that health workers are increasingly invaded by excessive fear and persistence of COVID-19 contamination. This induces avoidance, a certain suspicion, persecution and indifference/coldness towards patients, and plunges them
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The present study raises the problem of empathy of caregivers vis-à-vis patients in a covid/post-covid context. It is based on the observation that health workers are increasingly invaded by excessive fear and persistence of COVID-19 contamination. This induces avoidance, a certain suspicion, persecution and indifference/coldness towards patients, and plunges them into a strong insidious emotional deficiency. These attitudes, which are significantly close to paranoid and phobic access, seem to gradually dominate therapeutic interactions within hospitals. Freudian and Rogerian psychoanalysis advocates empathetic/benevolent listening, positive consideration and unconditional acceptance of the patient as ethical and deontological indispensable principles for any therapeutic evolution. Thus, it is predicted that within hospitals, the current non empathetic attitudes of care towards patients have their origin in a generalized covid-phobic atmosphere that develops a quasi-dominant paranoia in caregivers. Using a subscale of caregiver's Covid-phobic quasi-paranoia, and the one of caregiver's empathy in a covid/post-covid context, the data were collected from 126 participants including 55 nursing assistants, 61 state-certified nurses and 10 doctors, chosen at random from the staff of three (03) health facilities in the city of Bafoussam, MIFI department, West Cameroon region, including one (01) public district medical center (CMA) and two (02) private hospitals (clinics). After analysis, the results obtained sufficiently demonstrate that within the health institutions of West Cameroon, the higher the professional level of the caregiver, the more the severity of his quasi-paranoid covid-phobic accesses is significant, and the less he expresses an authentic empathy towards the patients who arrive at the hospital. This implies that in this period of health crisis, caregivers must reinvest in a real function of providers of affectivity and relay of empathy at the bedside of the patient both in hospital and outpatient. Thus, a real systematical vaccination operation may insure their total immunity and better reduce their quasi-paranoid empathy in this generalized Covid-phobic context.Full article
Research Article
Open Access November 23, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

BDNF, A Focus to Major Depression

Open Journal of Psychology 2021, 1(1), 10-21. DOI: 10.31586/ojp.2021.161
Abstract
Major depressive disorder is characterized, among other symptoms, by depressed mood and anhedonia associated with a high rate of suicidal ideation. In recent years, research has shown reduced expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in limbic areas of individuals with depression. This reduction of BDNF is reversed by antidepressants
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Major depressive disorder is characterized, among other symptoms, by depressed mood and anhedonia associated with a high rate of suicidal ideation. In recent years, research has shown reduced expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in limbic areas of individuals with depression. This reduction of BDNF is reversed by antidepressants in animal models of stress. Stress is one of the main triggers of mood disorders such as depression. Also, administration of BDNF increases the number of serotonergic fibers and serotonergic innervation, indicating an increase of serotonin in the synaptic cleft by this neurotrophin. Thus, BDNF appears to be one of the targets of antidepressant drugs for the increase of monoamines and remission of symptoms of major depression. The purpose of this review was to show the evidence that indicates BDNF as a molecular substrate for vulnerability to depression and the response of this substrate to the antidepressants.Full article
Figures
Review Article

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ISSN: 2771-2370
DOI prefix: 10.31586/ojp
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