### Journal profile

Universal Journal of Physics Research (UJPR) is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes original and high-quality research papers in all areas of physics. Furthermore, it publishes reviews, short notes & reports, communications, perspectives, comments.

## Latest Articles

## Charged Stellar Model with Generalized Chaplygin Equation of State Consistent with Observational Data

**Abstract**

In this paper, we found a new model for a compact star with charged anisotropic matter distribution considering the generalized Chaplygin equation of state. The Einstein-Maxwell field equations have been solved with a particular form of metric potential and electric field intensity. The plots show that physical variables such as

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In this paper, we found a new model for a compact star with charged anisotropic matter distribution considering the generalized Chaplygin equation of state. The Einstein-Maxwell field equations have been solved with a particular form of metric potential and electric field intensity. The plots show that physical variables such as radial pressure, energy density, charge density, anisotropy, radial speed sound, and the mass are fully well defined and are regular in the star's interior. We obtained models consistent with stellar objects such as GJ 832, LHS 43, SAO 81292, GJ 380, GJ 412, and SAO 62377.Full article

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Article

## Spin Structures and non-Relativistic Spin Operators

**Abstract**

In Quantum Physics, the spin and angular momentum operators are magnitudes introduced by means of a vector transformation law. However, interpreting the eigenvalues of its Z "components" as projections on said axis leads to certain contradictions supposedly avoided by a mandatory (presented as a freely selected) Z's orientation. It is

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In Quantum Physics, the spin and angular momentum operators are magnitudes introduced by means of a vector transformation law. However, interpreting the eigenvalues of its Z "components" as projections on said axis leads to certain contradictions supposedly avoided by a mandatory (presented as a freely selected) Z's orientation. It is shown that an oriented physical space almost forces us to project the angular momentum's and spin's eigenvalues onto its orientation's 3-form, which sidesteps entering into inconsistencies. The final conclusion is that this "rare" magnitude called spin, downright naturally comes in and plays thanks to the orientation of our three-dimensional space.Full article

Communication

## Two-Mode Sub harmonic Generator Coupled to Thermal Reservoir

**Abstract**

In this article, our investigation to study squeezing and statistical properties of the light by a two mode sub harmonic generator coupled to thermal reservoir via a single port-mirror. The equation of motion answers are then used to calculate the mean photon number, photon number variance, and quadrature variance for

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In this article, our investigation to study squeezing and statistical properties of the light by a two mode sub harmonic generator coupled to thermal reservoir via a single port-mirror. The equation of motion answers are then used to calculate the mean photon number, photon number variance, and quadrature variance for two mode cavity light. However, we have found that the degree of squeezing is indeed affected by the present of thermal light. The mean photon number of the system under consideration increases with increasing $\stackrel{-}{\mathrm{n}}$.Full article

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Review Article

## Entangled Photon Generation from a Three-Level Laser with a Parametric Amplifier and Coupled to a Thermal Reservoir

**Abstract**

In this article the investigation of squeezing and statistical properties of light resulting by a non-degenerate three-level laser with the parametric amplifier and coupled to a thermal reservoir have been occurred. With the aid of master equation, stochastic differential equations were obtained. Applying solutions of resulting differential equations, quadrature variance,

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In this article the investigation of squeezing and statistical properties of light resulting by a non-degenerate three-level laser with the parametric amplifier and coupled to a thermal reservoir have been occurred. With the aid of master equation, stochastic differential equations were obtained. Applying solutions of resulting differential equations, quadrature variance, the mean and variance of photon number, the photon number correlation are calculated. However, the two-mode driving light has no effect on the squeezing properties of the cavity modes. On the other hand, parametric amplifier and thermal reservoir increase the mean and variance of photon number. Furthermore, employing the same solutions, we also obtain anti normally ordered characteristic function defined in the Heisenberg picture. For a linear gain coefficient of (A = 100), for a cavity damping constant of K= 0:8, µ = 0 and for thermal reservoir th = 0, the maximum intra cavity photon entanglement is found at steady state and at threshold to be 60%.Full article

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Review Article

## Relativistic Radial Density Theory (RRDT)

**Abstract**

Starting with Planck scale it is developed the Relativistic Radial Density Theory (

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*RRDT*). In this theory, the Planck and gravitational parameters can be described as the functions of the radial mass (energy) density value. This density is maximal at the minimal radius and minimal at the maximal radius. This conclusion
Starting with Planck scale it is developed the Relativistic Radial Density Theory (

*RRDT*). In this theory, the Planck and gravitational parameters can be described as the functions of the radial mass (energy) density value. This density is maximal at the minimal radius and minimal at the maximal radius. This conclusion is based on the fact that the ratio of Planck mass and Planck length (radius) is constant. These radiuses can be described as the function of the energy conservation constant*κ*. Using*RRD**T*, it is possible to develop the connections between Planck’s and gravitational parameters as function of the maximal and minimal radial mass (energy) density values. In that sense, the gravitational length, time, energy and temperature can be presented as the function of the Planck length, time, energy and temperature, respectively. This opens possibility to merge of Quantum Field Theory (*QFT*) and the General Theory of Relativity (*GTR*) at the quantum scale in gravitational field. The existence of the maximal radial mass (energy) density value at the minimal radius in gravitational field means that no singularity in that field. Further, the existence of the minimal radial mass (energy) density value at the maximal radius in gravitational field means that no infinity in that field. It follows the postulation: the most minimal radius in a gravitational field belongs to the minimal mass (energy). Since the Planck mass is not the minimal mass in space-time, the Planck length/radius is not the minimal length/radius in the space-time. If the calculated minimal (or maximal) radius is the bigger than the related official radius it means that there exists a dark matter in this object. In that sense, the black holes are presenting the state of the matter at the minimal radius where we have the maximal radial mass (energy) density value. Further, the maximal possible radius of the matter is presenting the state with the minimal radial mass (energy) density value. Thus, the maximal and minimal radial mass (energy) density values are constants and conserved items. Now the question is: do motion of the Universe follows the*RRD**T*?Full article
Article

## The c-equivalence principle and its implications for physics

**Abstract**

The c-equivalence principle, commonly accepted as true by most physicists, is the unstated assumption that equals the kinematic speed of light. Should someone prove the principle false, it would render the composition of two Lorentz transformations meaningless. The second hypothesis of the Special Theory of Relativity in its strong

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The c-equivalence principle, commonly accepted as true by most physicists, is the unstated assumption that equals the kinematic speed of light. Should someone prove the principle false, it would render the composition of two Lorentz transformations meaningless. The second hypothesis of the Special Theory of Relativity in its strong form would also be invalidated. This paper examined some of the consequences for physics, should this principle be proven false and outline some experiments to determine light speed, which could falsify the principle and provide evidence for the ether.Full article

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Review Article

## Quantum Properties of Coherently Driven Three-Level Atom Coupled to Vacuum Reservoir

**Abstract**

A three-level laser with an open cavity and a two-mode vacuum reservoir is explored for its quantum properties. Our investigation begins with a normalized order of the noise operators associated with the vacuum reservoir. The master equation and linear operators' equations of motion are used to determine the equations of

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A three-level laser with an open cavity and a two-mode vacuum reservoir is explored for its quantum properties. Our investigation begins with a normalized order of the noise operators associated with the vacuum reservoir. The master equation and linear operators' equations of motion are used to determine the equations of evolution of the atomic operators' expectation values. The equation of motion answers are then used to calculate the mean photon number, photon number variance, and quadrature variance for single–mode cavity light and two–mode cavity light. As a result, for γ=0, the quadrature variance of light mode

**a**is greater than the mean photon number for two-mode cavity light. As a result, for the two-mode cavity light, the maximum quadrature squeezing is 43.42 percent.Full article**Figures**

Article

## Role of Skew-Symmetric Differential Forms in Mathematical Physics and Field Theory

**Abstract**

Skew-symmetric differential forms possess properties that enable one to carry out a qualitative investigation of the equations of mathematical physics and the foundations of field theories. In the paper we call attention to a unique role in field theory of closed exterior skew-symmetric differential forms, which correspond to conservation laws

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Skew-symmetric differential forms possess properties that enable one to carry out a qualitative investigation of the equations of mathematical physics and the foundations of field theories. In the paper we call attention to a unique role in field theory of closed exterior skew-symmetric differential forms, which correspond to conservation laws for physical fields (to conservative quantities). At the same time, it was shown that such closed exterior forms can be derived from skew-symmetric differential forms, which follow from the mathematical physics equations describing material media such as thermodynamic, gas-dynamic, cosmic media. This points a connection the field theory equations with the mathematical physics equations. Such connection discloses the properties and specific features of field theory.Full article

Article

## Charged Anisotropic Stellar Models with the MIT Bag Model Equation of State

**Abstract**

In this paper we present a new classes of solutions for the Einstein-Maxwell system of field equations in a spherically symmetric spacetime under the influence of an electric field considering the MIT bag model equation of state with a particular form the metric potential that depends on an adjustable parameter.

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In this paper we present a new classes of solutions for the Einstein-Maxwell system of field equations in a spherically symmetric spacetime under the influence of an electric field considering the MIT bag model equation of state with a particular form the metric potential that depends on an adjustable parameter. The obtained solutions can be written in terms of elementary functions, namely polynomials and algebraic functions. The obtained models satisfy all physical properties expected in a realistic star. The results of this research can be useful in the development and description of new models of compact structures.Full article

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Article

## The Calculation of the Binding Energy of the Exciton Moving in a Two dimensional Semiconductor Quantum Well

**Abstract**

With respect to the exciton moving in the two-dimensional quantum well, the paper presents a scheme which can rigorously calculate out the binding energy of the exciton in the two-dimensional semiconductor quantum well by simply using the relation $|{z}_{}$

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With respect to the exciton moving in the two-dimensional quantum well, the paper presents a scheme which can rigorously calculate out the binding energy of the exciton in the two-dimensional semiconductor quantum well by simply using the relation $\left|{z}_{e}-{z}_{h}\right|=\rho \mathrm{tan}\alpha $, which is much simpler than the complex calculation of Ref.[1-2]. Concerning the calculation result eq.(13), the paper discusses the results for two significant cases of $\left|{z}_{e}-{z}_{h}\right|$<<$\rho $and $\left|{z}_{e}-{z}_{h}\right|\to \infty $.Full article

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ISSN: 2834-5479

DOI prefix: 10.31586/ujpr

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