Universal Journal of Sport Sciences https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss <p>Universal Journal of Sport Sciences (UJSS) is a peer-reviewed open access journal, provides an international forum for the presentation of research findings and scholarly exchange in the area of Sports and Recreation. The journal has a special focus on sport science, recreation/leisure studies, exercise science and dance studies, human sciences, broadly defined, applied to sport and exercise. Although preference is given to manuscripts presenting the findings of original research, review and methodological pieces will also be considered.</p> en-US Universal Journal of Sport Sciences How to Increase Customer Satisfaction by Beautifying Sports Facilities? What is the Key Role of Service Quality? https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss/article/view/226 <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the key role of service quality and beauty of sports facilities in increasing customer satisfaction. The research method is descriptive and correlational research. The statistical population of the study was 154188 organized athletes covered by sports insurance (103890 men, 50298 women) who were working in sports halls of Mazandaran province and according to Morgan table, 384 athletes were randomly selected by cluster Were. Aesthetic questionnaire, service quality and customer satisfaction were used to collect information. Data analysis was performed using Pearson test and structural equation modeling by SPSS24 and Amos structure analysis software. According to the research results, the indirect effect of aesthetics of sports venues on increasing customer satisfaction through service quality is significant. Managers can take effective steps to increase their presence and increase the income of gyms by using quality improvement strategies and customer satisfaction.</p> Mohammadbagher Forghani Ozrudi Copyright (c) 2021 Universal Journal of Sport Sciences 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 28 32 Prolonged Sitting Posture: Massage and Physical Exercise Program as Effective Therapy in 45 Sedentary Officers using Their Vehicles Full Time https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss/article/view/22 <p>The high prevalence of low back pain associated with prolonged sitting as a result of work demands, is a major public health problem. Added to this is the sedentary lifestyle and full-time use of vehicles, keeping workers in this seated position. We now know the many benefits of regular exercise and physical activity. Inactivity is considered a risk factor associated with the development of lower back pain. We undertook this study to make subjects aware of the consequences of this posture. In addition, we wanted to help them relieve lower back pain and functional disability caused by prolonged sitting posture. To achieve this, we have set ourselves the goal of assessing the effect that the combination of a physical exercise program and massage with shea butter could have on lumbar pain and functional disability in inactive sedentary officials with full-time lumbar pain driving their vehicles. To achieve this goal, we brought together 45 subjects divided into three experimental groups. The results show that the group receiving the combination of an exercise and massage program with shea butter, experienced a significant decrease in pain and functional disability over the 6 weeks. Thus, the combination of an exercise and massage program with shea butter allows effective management of pain and functional disability in inactive sedentary officials.</p> Gerard Dossou Lawani Mohamed Mansourou Yessoufou Lafiou Tigri Tertulie Nawal Houeto Vignon Gratien Lawani Mohamed Nadil Olabiss Copyright (c) 2021 Universal Journal of Sport Sciences 2021-06-12 2021-06-12 Strength Training Guide for Personal Training Practitioners https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss/article/view/252 <p>Resistance exercise is the performance of physical exercises designed to improve strength, muscular, endurance, hypertrophy, and neuromuscular efficiency with the use of weights (Braith &amp; Stewart, 2006)[1]. Resistance exercise has long been utilized for its beneficial health qualities and propensity to elicit certain desired physiological changes (Fry, 2004)[2]. There has been a recent, and significant, increase in resistance exercise activity in American adults (NCHS, 2018)[3] attributable to factors such as autonomous compulsion and self fulfilment to extrinsic factors like health and physical appearance (Fisher et al., 2017; Heinrich et al., 2014; Ingledew &amp; Markland, 2008)[4,5,6]. As such, there is an ever-increasing need for educational material regarding resistance exercise, its benefits, purpose, and manner in which it should be conducted. Purpose- to (a) provide resistance exercise-based educational material regarding the background and rationale behind resistance training; (b) to provide a specific resistance-based exercise program to elicit strength gain; (c) to provide individuals with the knowledge to safely and effectively engage in said program; and (d) to provide the participant with expected physiological adaptations to completing the program. Methods- Two 6-week, 5-day per week resistance exercise programs – with a brief nutritional guide accompaniment – are outlined for a hypothetical participant, age 25-40, of moderate experience with fitness training, and with the goal of strength gain and moderate fat loss as a secondary goal. Results- Anticipated benefits of the program include: increased maximal strength caused by training above 85% 1RM for 2-6 sets of 1-6 reps; increased synergistic muscle groups strength which will contribute to improved prime mover strength; hypertrophy of skeletal muscles throughout the body, induced by lifts of 67-85% 1 rep max (RM) for 3-6 sets of 6-12 reps and increased resting energy expenditure (basal metabolic rate) accompanied by improved body composition. Conclusion- Continued progression though this protocol with modifications to resistance include potential improved running speed, explosive power potential, and other anaerobic sport performance factors, as well as enhanced neuromuscular efficiency associated with increased prime mover force production capabilities.</p> Jared Conley Colin G. Pennington Copyright (c) 2021 Universal Journal of Sport Sciences 2022-03-22 2022-03-22 33 42 Assessing the Locomotor and Object Control Skill Levels of Basic Pupils in Ghana: The Role of Physical Education https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss/article/view/115 <p>The study employed a quasi- experimental design of a single group pre-test post-test. The purpose of the study was to assess the locomotor and object control skill development levels of 6-8-year-old basic school pupils in Kwahu Afram Plains South district of Ghana The target population for the study comprised all 6-8 years old primary school pupils in Tease in Kwahu Afram Plains in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Convenient and stratified sampling techniques were used to select 57 pupils made up of thirty-seven (37) boys and twenty (20) girls. The instrument used for this study was Test of Gross Motor development (TGMD-2). Descriptive frequencies were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that pupils demonstrated high level of perfection with reference to their locomotor skills in the various physical activities with most responses on their skill execution mostly ranked between often and always. The study also indicated that pupils were able to perform locomotor skill activities well. The study also concluded that pupils were not really equipped with motor skill and were not able to execute motor skill activities correctly during physical activities with responses on motor skill mostly ranked between rarely and often. It is recommended that lower and upper primary school teachers in Kwahu Afram Plains South district should be equipped with the prerequisite skills to enable them to teach motor skills development effectively. It is also recommended that more qualified physical education personnel should be sent to the basic level in Kwahu Afram Plains South district to teach physical education since motor development and skill acquisition develop the habit of the active lifestyle of individuals.</p> Ernest Tsikata Charlotte Adomah Diaboh Annette Eugenia Ama Aboagye Copyright (c) 2021 Universal Journal of Sport Sciences 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 19 27 Effect of Vibration to Fatigued Plantar Flexor Muscles on Postural Stability in Healthy Young Adults https://www.scipublications.com/journal/index.php/ujss/article/view/8 Objective: The effects of muscle fatigue appear to elicit a transient means of postural instability; however the recovery of postural stability after fatiguing exercise has not been extensively studied. This study aimed to determine the immediate effect of local vibration applied to fatigued plantar flexor muscles on postural stability in healthy young adults. Design: True Experimental (pre test - post test design with a control group) Setting: A tertiary care center Participations: 42 healthy young adults Intervention: Fatigue of plantar flexors muscles was induced by repeated dynamic contractions performed to maximum exhaustion. Experimental group (n= 21) received local vibration to fatigued muscles with a hand held vibrator whereas the control group (n = 21) received no intervention (rest). Postural stability was assessed using one leg stance test (OLST) under three different conditions viz. pre-fatigue, post-fatigue and post rest/vibration. Results: Comparative analysis of postural stability within the group was done pre-fatigue, post-fatigue and post rest/vibration condition using Kruskal-Wallis test. A significant decrease from pre-fatigue to post-fatigue condition (p-value &lt; 0.001); and a significant increase from post-fatigue to post rest/vibration condition (p-value &lt; 0.001) was observed in OLST in both - control group and experimental group. However, further comparison of OLST between the groups (using unpaired t test) showed a significant difference in post-fatigue condition versus post rest/vibration condition in favour of the experimental group. Conclusion: Plantar flexors fatigue significantly affects one leg stance time in healthy young adults. Results of this study show that there is an immediate effect of vibration to fatigued muscles on recovery of postural stability in healthy young adults. Recovery of postural stability achieved quickly with such a simple tool may help increase the degree of participation in sports and other similar activities which can cause muscles to fatigue. However, more studies are required to determine this effect using other clinical measures. Parth Doshi Isha Akulwar-Tajane Copyright (c) 2021 Universal Journal of Sport Sciences 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 11 18