Open Journal of Medical Sciences

Journal profile

Open Journal of Medical Sciences(OJMS) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access, scientific journal, providing a platform for advances in basic, translational and clinical research. The journal aims to publish original research, review articles and short communications about molecular and cellular processes in disease, in order to increase understanding of the fundamental principles and biological questions of medicine. Researchers in academic and clinical settings as well as health professionals are encouraged to publish their theoretical and experimental results in this journal, which aims to integrate expertise from the molecular and translational sciences, therapeutics, and diagnostics in different medical specialties.

Latest Articles

Open Access October 29, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Measurement of conversion factor into mean glandular dose in mammography using OSL dosimeters

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2022, 2(1), 9-16. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2022.432
Abstract
Background: Currently, the DRL quantity in mammography are evaluated in terms of mean glandular dose (MGD). Since the MGD cannot be measured directly, it can be obtained by calculation using the equation (D=K*g*c*s). In previous studies, the conversion factor g was calculated by Monte Carlo simulation and is not reported
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Background: Currently, the DRL quantity in mammography are evaluated in terms of mean glandular dose (MGD). Since the MGD cannot be measured directly, it can be obtained by calculation using the equation (D=K*g*c*s). In previous studies, the conversion factor g was calculated by Monte Carlo simulation and is not reported from actual measurements. In this study, we focused on the g-factor, which is a conversion factor to the MGD at 50% glandularity, and attempted to measure it using a nanoDot dosimeter to see if it can be used in mammography. Methods: The nanoDot dosimeters were inserted in a PMMA phantom at depths ranging from 0 cm to 6 cm in 1 cm increments, and measurements were made in three HVLs of 0.3 mmAl, 0.35 mmAl, and 0.4 mmAl HVL. The g-factor was calculated from the nanoDot dosimeter values using a conversion equation. Results and Discussion: The measured g-factors for all the HVLs were in close agreement with those of Dance et al. The values of the previous studies did not include the backscatter factor, which may have underestimated the MGD. The difference was smaller for the 0.4 mm Al. Compared to the other HVLs, the 0.4 mm Al was measured without a compression plate, which may have been influenced by the presence or absence of a compression plate. Conclusion: The nanoDot dosimeters were used to calculate g-factors. The results agreed with those of previous studies within uncertainty. This indicates that nanoDot dosimeters can be used in the mammography field.Full article
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Research Article
Open Access June 28, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

A Case Report of Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism in an Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2022, 2(1), 5-8. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2022.280
Abstract
Background: Vascular thrombotic events such as pulmonary embolisms have been frequently reported in the course of SARS-Cov-2 infection. However, sagittal sinus thrombus is extremely rare, and patients may lack other appealing Covid-19 infection symptoms. Case report: 46-year-old female with past medical history of Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension presented to Emergency room with
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Background: Vascular thrombotic events such as pulmonary embolisms have been frequently reported in the course of SARS-Cov-2 infection. However, sagittal sinus thrombus is extremely rare, and patients may lack other appealing Covid-19 infection symptoms. Case report: 46-year-old female with past medical history of Hyperlipidemia, Hypertension presented to Emergency room with headache, chest pain, vomiting. SARS-CoV-2 IgG Antibodies were reactive. Except for elevated PTT-Lupus Anticoagulant at 50 Sec, Hypercoagulable workup was negative. The MRI venogram findings were consistent with the Dural thrombus of superior sagittal sinus. Patient subsequently developed chest pain, and Computed tomography angiography found pulmonary emboli within segmental branches of the right lower lobe pulmonary artery. Patient was managed in the ICU with Heparin and switched to Coumadin for discharged. Conclusion: The incidence of Cerebral Venous Sinus thrombus (CVST) among Covid-19 patients is inferior to 0.02%. And most of the patients lack typical Covid-19 presentations such as pneumonia. The lack of symptoms may promote the insidious course of pre-thrombotic events that lead to CVST. However more Retrospective studies are necessary to established consistent odd ratios. Due to the higher mortality associated with CVST and the ongoing of Covid-19 pandemic, we recommend a higher level of clinical suspicion.Full article
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Case Report
Open Access December 13, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Fibrosis: A Case of Women 75-years Old Without Ureteral Involvement

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2022, 2(1), 1-4. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2022.197
Abstract
A 75-year-old female is referred for evaluation of a progressive leg swelling. Angiological and MRI evaluation show the presence of inflammatory tissue surrounding the aorta and the left iliac vessels, causing significant stenosis. Upon suspicion of retroperitoneal fibrosis, we actively seek for secondary causes such as malignancies, autoimmune diseases and
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A 75-year-old female is referred for evaluation of a progressive leg swelling. Angiological and MRI evaluation show the presence of inflammatory tissue surrounding the aorta and the left iliac vessels, causing significant stenosis. Upon suspicion of retroperitoneal fibrosis, we actively seek for secondary causes such as malignancies, autoimmune diseases and infections, as well as IgG4-related disease. All investigations result negative and we make the diagnosis of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. Steroid therapy was started and we observed a rapid amelioration of symptoms and radiological disappearance of the inflammatory tissue around the aorta.Full article
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Case Report
Open Access October 22, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

PTEN May Involve in Regulation of PD-L1 Expression in Triple Negative Breast Carcinoma

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 45-52. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.157
Abstract
Triple negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) is a rapid progressive tumor and has a poor overall survival. Therefore, it is crucial to find out effective molecular targets and develop optimal therapeutic strategies for TNBC. In this study, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect expressions of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and phosphatase
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Triple negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) is a rapid progressive tumor and has a poor overall survival. Therefore, it is crucial to find out effective molecular targets and develop optimal therapeutic strategies for TNBC. In this study, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect expressions of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in 136 breast carcinomas including 50 TNBC. The effect of PTEN on regulation of PD-L1 expression was assessed in vitro in the PTEN knockdown TNBC cells. We found that PD-L1(SP142) positive rate in TNBC (48.0%) was significantly higher than non-TNBC (23.3%). PTEN negative rate was 42% in TNBC. The inverse correlation between PTEN and PD-L1(SP142) expression in TNBC was statistically significant (P<0.05). After PTEN knockdown, PD-L1 expression in TNBC cells increased significantly, and the expression level of AKT increased simultaneously. PTEN knockdown promoted cell proliferation, viability and G1/S switch of TNBC cells. These results suggested that PTEN may involve in regulation of PD-L1 expression, because PTEN loss can upregulate PD-L1 expression in TNBC. Antitumor immunity of PD-L1 could be enhanced in TNBC when targeting PTEN at the same time.Full article
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Communication
Open Access October 19, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

The Medical Community Should Make the Unified Disease Concept, Definition, and Diagnostic Criterion of Medically Unexplained Pain (or Symptoms)

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 43-44. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.145
Abstract
MUP (medically unexplained pain) is a pain whose cause cannot be determined by diagnostic imaging, blood test, physical examination and past medical history, etc. Many departments have independently created the concept, definition, and diagnostic criterion in MUP. This leads to an abnormal situation in which each department has different disease
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MUP (medically unexplained pain) is a pain whose cause cannot be determined by diagnostic imaging, blood test, physical examination and past medical history, etc. Many departments have independently created the concept, definition, and diagnostic criterion in MUP. This leads to an abnormal situation in which each department has different disease concepts and diagnostic criteria. It is out-of-the-ordinary that physicians from the different departments make different diagnoses in the same patient. MUP has caused confusion in clinical practice. The medical community should make the unified disease concept, definition, and diagnostic criterion of MUP. For this purpose, the various scientific organizations involved in MUP need to discuss. In this case, the first priority should not be the majority vote, but the treatment outcomes. The solution to a medical controversy is to choose a medical theory or treatment method that produces better long-term results.Full article
Opinion
Open Access August 15, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Prevention is always better than Cure: Immunity Boosting to Fight Infections

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 28-42. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.010104
Abstract
Since the first outbreak of SARS-CoV2, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 in Wuhan, China in the December 2019, the world continues to be in state of fear, uncertainty, tension and anxiety till date and this state might continue because of emerging mutants. The vaccination drive all over the world is
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Since the first outbreak of SARS-CoV2, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 in Wuhan, China in the December 2019, the world continues to be in state of fear, uncertainty, tension and anxiety till date and this state might continue because of emerging mutants. The vaccination drive all over the world is continuing, still the new variants are cause of concern, with the aim to prevent the spread of the virus, focus should be on techniques and processes which helps in strengthening our defense mechanism, the immune system. It has becoming clear from several studies that the immune system is greatly impacted by the COVID-19 infection through several inflammatory reactions. The role of balanced diet full of nutrients cannot be overlooked in controlling infectious diseases. A balanced diet which should include plant foods, vitamins and micronutrients and this review wants to emphasize on the preventive role played by the plant foods, vitamins and minerals in COVID-19 infections, to reduce the mortality rate as well as the morbidity in patients who are infected.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access June 21, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

The rising role of age stratification in sleep and CPAP therapy adherence in elderly population

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 15-27. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.010103
Abstract
Proper and effective management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in elderly patients represents an important yet under-researched therapeutic target. Therefore, the main purpose of our research was to employ age stratification to analyse sleep quality and sleep fragmentation, the daily sleepiness, OSA severity and CPAP compliance in elderly. Conforming to
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Proper and effective management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in elderly patients represents an important yet under-researched therapeutic target. Therefore, the main purpose of our research was to employ age stratification to analyse sleep quality and sleep fragmentation, the daily sleepiness, OSA severity and CPAP compliance in elderly. Conforming to the inclusion criteria of minimum 70 years of age at the time of polysomnography and CPAP titration night a total number of 162 elderly patients was included, median age 73,00±4 (MED±IQR). The comparison group consisted of 448 adult subjects under the age of 70 years old, median age 54,00±14,00 (MED±IQR). Sleep fragmentation in elderly was promoted to suboptimal CPAP adherence, as the probability of CPAP use ≥ 4 hours per day was less than 20%. Overall CPAP compliance hours in the elderly group achieved 3,991±3,804 hours/day with bigger variation in between the subjects versus 5,547±3,465 hours/day for the controls, (MED±IQR, p<0,001). Despite naturally occurring sleep fragmentation worsened by OSA, less than 30% of elderly patients would score ≥ 10 points on Epworth sleepiness scale. The study emphasizes acute need for standardized age-specific diagnostic tools to address different perception of daily drowsiness and sleepiness by older people. Further, it underlines the importance of early recognition of possible comorbid OSA and insomnia and suggest paying more attention to “non-obese phenotype” in the subgroup of elderly patients with suspected OSA. Elderly patients might also need development of more flexible CPAP compliance criteria; however, those must be standardized and objective. Full article
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Research Article
Open Access June 21, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

COVID-19 and Human Immune Response: A Literature Based Review

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 10-14. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.010102
Abstract
Currently, the world is facing the COVID-19 epidemic, a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. Emerging body of molecular evidences suggested a similar path to SARS and MERS viruses. A viral particles cascade enters into the human body through eyes, nose, and mouth, few of these viral particles reaches to the lower
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Currently, the world is facing the COVID-19 epidemic, a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. Emerging body of molecular evidences suggested a similar path to SARS and MERS viruses. A viral particles cascade enters into the human body through eyes, nose, and mouth, few of these viral particles reaches to the lower respiratory tract through breathing and here their spike protein act like a key and lock into epithelial cells which are the air sacs in lungs. SARS-CoV-2 is undetectable for a longer period of time than many other flu and coronaviruses. Once they entered inside body, they overtake the cell’s machinery, replicate, multiply and infect the adjoining cells. All the viruses have a tell-tale signature on the surface known as antigens, identifying these antigens is what activate the immune system by producing the antibodies. Researchers have shown that a wide range of immune cells that react to SARS-CoV-2 and helps in recovery could be helpful in the development of potential vaccines.Full article
Literature Review
Open Access June 7, 2021 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Long term data on obstructive sleep apnea treatment in insomnia and anxiety related disorders - importance in the post-covid19 era?

Open Journal of Medical Sciences 2021, 1(1), 1-9. DOI: 10.31586/ojms.2021.010101
Abstract
Patients with comorbid neurotic and anxiety disorders are more receptive of the discomfort accompanying continuous positive airway pressure therapy than average obstructive sleep apnea patients. The purpose of the study was to analyze short-term and long-term continuous positive airway pressure therapy adherence data of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and
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Patients with comorbid neurotic and anxiety disorders are more receptive of the discomfort accompanying continuous positive airway pressure therapy than average obstructive sleep apnea patients. The purpose of the study was to analyze short-term and long-term continuous positive airway pressure therapy adherence data of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and comorbid anxiety and stress-related dyssomnias, as this group of disorders is expected to rise in the post-covid era. Study retrospectively analyzed clinical outcomes of obstructive sleep apnea patients. All subjects with obstructive sleep apnea were diagnosed based on in-lab video polysomnography, further referred to CPAP titration and were invited for regular follow-up visits. The results showed that subjects with comorbid obstructive sleep apnea and anxiety-related disorders used ventilation therapy more hours per day (6,690 hours/day vs. 5,000 hours/day, ****p<0,0001, anxiety (n=19) vs. controls (n=60)). Patients from the anxiety group remained longer in our therapy program (7,086 years vs. 2,905 years, ****p<0,0001) and had markedly better control over their weight, as the body-mass index of the control group increased by +1,065 kg/m2 per year and the body-mass index in the examination group increased only by +0,296 kg/m2 every year. Our data document that obstructive sleep apnea patients on ventilation therapy, who do not have enough control over their increasing body weight might highly benefit from therapy approaches similar to patients with anxiety-related dyssomnias and that management of obstructive sleep apnea is not an obstacle in concomitant treatment of neurotic and anxiety-related dyssomnias.Full article
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Research Article

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ISSN: 2770-5544
DOI prefix: 10.31586/ojms
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2021-2022
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