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Open Access September 29, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Anthyllis hermanniae L. subsp. brutia Brullo & Giusso (Fabaceae): population survey and conservation tasks

Abstract Anthyllis hermanniae subsp. brutia, is an Italian endemic shrub occurring just in one locality by the Calabrian Ionian coast in southern Italy. Objective of this study is to provide data on population numbers, demography and ecology, as well as to identify the main threats on the long term conservation of the target taxon. The survey has been carried out through field census work, [...] Read more.
Anthyllis hermanniae subsp. brutia, is an Italian endemic shrub occurring just in one locality by the Calabrian Ionian coast in southern Italy. Objective of this study is to provide data on population numbers, demography and ecology, as well as to identify the main threats on the long term conservation of the target taxon. The survey has been carried out through field census work, sampling biometric and dendrometric data, and applying simple statistics. The population, counting totally 962 individuals, is divided in two stands concentrated in the central part of the distribution area. It is restricted to a narrow belt on the inland part of the dune slope encompassed between an artificial pine forest at the dune top, and the dune-specialized vegetation on the slope. Some biometric insights, such as stem diameter, plant height and number of annual rings, suggest the role of micro-ecology in individual shaping. The most relevant threating factor for the long term conservation of this rare taxon is the rapidly spreading Pinus halepensis subsp. halepensis. Local population of this invasive alien species, deriving from planted individuals, is now invading the A. hermanniae subsp. brutia habitat. Chorological and ecological data here provided should hopefully steer further population dynamics investigation as well as any urgent environment management actions.
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Open Access September 28, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Comparison of Image Data and Visually Confirmed Sketches to Evaluate the Technique of Handwashing

Abstract Hand hygiene is crucial in preventing healthcare-associated infections. In this study, we aimed to quantify the accuracy of subjective evaluation of hand washing through visual inspection and objective evaluation through images. The participants were 24 consenting nursing students, and the study used black light and fluorescent paint to generate sketches and captured images of the unwashed areas, [...] Read more.
Hand hygiene is crucial in preventing healthcare-associated infections. In this study, we aimed to quantify the accuracy of subjective evaluation of hand washing through visual inspection and objective evaluation through images. The participants were 24 consenting nursing students, and the study used black light and fluorescent paint to generate sketches and captured images of the unwashed areas, which were processed. Handwashing training was conducted once a week for four consecutive weeks. We collected data in the first and fourth training sessions. We found that the percentage of the unwashed palmar areas was significantly higher in the images than in the sketches (p<0.05). The percentage of the uncleaned area as recognized visually significantly increased for sketches (p=0.01) and decreased for images (p=0.009) in the fourth session. The difference between the percentages of the image and sketch area notably decreased in the fourth session (p=0.002). When we checked the recognition percentage of the unwashed area by dividing the right-hand palmar side into six areas, the fingertips had the highest percentage, and the ball of the thumb had the lowest percentage. The recognition of the unwashed areas was low when comparing the subjective visual assessment with the objective imagery assessment. In addition, the percentage of the unwashed areas decreased with repeated training, indicating a decrease in the difference between the subjective and objective ratings.
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Open Access September 20, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

High Radio Frequencies interaction of Composite Materials Using Rectangular Waveguide

Abstract The main goal of this paper is studying the composite material behavior under microwave which they used in antennas reflectors. For that, a transmission line method based on X- band WR90 rectangular waveguide is used. The Bi-anisotropic electrical properties are defined as tensors in finite element model. The fibers of the single layer composite are oriented in different directions. The [...] Read more.
The main goal of this paper is studying the composite material behavior under microwave which they used in antennas reflectors. For that, a transmission line method based on X- band WR90 rectangular waveguide is used. The Bi-anisotropic electrical properties are defined as tensors in finite element model. The fibers of the single layer composite are oriented in different directions. The S-parameters (S11 and S12) are calculated using COMSOL Multiyphysics, the S-parameters and currents density behavior show that they very affected by the orientations of the fibers which mean must be considered in any design of RF equipments, more the fibers are parallel with the electrical field more the reflection coefficient get higher.
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Open Access September 20, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Drug-Receptor Interaction of Peptidic HIV-1 Protease: Polar Effect-II

Abstract Klopman described the chemical reaction of metal ions and base ions in term of softness, En and Em, respectively. By simple modification of known methods, Singh et al. made it applicable for neutral Lewis acids (transition metal salts) and bases (organic molecules) and also extended its application to biological systems for site selectivity [...] Read more.
Klopman described the chemical reaction of metal ions and base ions in term of softness, En and Em, respectively. By simple modification of known methods, Singh et al. made it applicable for neutral Lewis acids (transition metal salts) and bases (organic molecules) and also extended its application to biological systems for site selectivity and to explain reaction mechanism (markovnikov and anti-markovnikov rule), ligand-receptor interaction of testosterones, estrogens and tetrahydroimidazobenzodiazepinone. In this study effective atomic softness En(eff) and Em(eff), and their change ΔEnm have been used for site selectivity and polar interaction between 51 peptidic HIV-1 protease inhibitors and receptor amino acids. ΔEnm values derived from drug-receptor interaction show that when one moiety on receptor behaves as nucleophile (O of valine amino acid) at the same time maximum electrophilic site of the drug (C-atom of the maximum En(eff) value) orient itself to come close the respective site and make maximum interaction, while when another moiety on receptor behaves as electrophilic site (C of isoleucine amino acid), at the same time maximum nucleophilic site of the drug (O-atom of the maximum Em(eff) value) also orient itself to come close the respective site and make maximum interaction.
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