Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Journal profile

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (UJPP) is a peer reviewed international journal dedicated to the latest advancements in Pharmacology & Pharmacy. The goal of this journal is to keep a record of the state-of-the-art research and to promote study, research and improvement within its various specialties.

Latest Articles

Open Access April 16, 2024 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Impact of Covid-19 on the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Supply Chain

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2024, 3(1), 6-9. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2024.916
Abstract
An increasing number of adverse events are raising concern in the pharmaceutical supply chain due to contaminated active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Most of the active pharmaceutical ingredients are not currently under the scope of environmental regulations, despite their negative impact on human health and the environment. API's life cycle plays a
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An increasing number of adverse events are raising concern in the pharmaceutical supply chain due to contaminated active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Most of the active pharmaceutical ingredients are not currently under the scope of environmental regulations, despite their negative impact on human health and the environment. API's life cycle plays a significant role in identifying potential supply chain sources and determining their impact on the environment. The Covid-19 pandemic's intermittent manufacturing interruptions and the increase in the frequency of drug shortages over the past ten years have sparked worries about how resilient the world's drug supply chains are. Many clinical trials were conducted on patients with COVID-19 during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and resulted in millions of deaths globally by 2022.Full article
Review Article
Open Access March 13, 2024 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Current Risk in the Supply Chain for the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Business

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2024, 3(1), 1-5. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2024.906
Abstract
The active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) are very critical substances for generic drugs. Any issue in the global supply chain for sourcing APIs heavily impacts generic drugs demands in the market. It is imperative to keep a close eye on the API supply in order to spot possible priorities for domestic
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The active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) are very critical substances for generic drugs. Any issue in the global supply chain for sourcing APIs heavily impacts generic drugs demands in the market. It is imperative to keep a close eye on the API supply in order to spot possible priorities for domestic manufacturing as well as bottlenecks in the US pharmaceutical supply chain. Most of the API's are manufactured in countries like India and China, and any issue in the manufacturing or supply of the API's may critically impact generic drug production globally. The Government and regulatory agencies must take initiatives to mitigate the risk of supply chain interruptions in the API business.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access November 1, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Serialized Drug Traceability in the Supply Chain Using Distributed Ledger Technology

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 47-53. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.815
Abstract
Currently, Drug Counterfeiting is the biggest challenge facing the pharmaceutical industry. They are encountering this threat due to high market demand for the drugs and their profit margin. The lack of data transparency and traceability also lured criminals into the counterfeiting of drugs which, is impacting people’s health and put
[...] Read more.
Currently, Drug Counterfeiting is the biggest challenge facing the pharmaceutical industry. They are encountering this threat due to high market demand for the drugs and their profit margin. The lack of data transparency and traceability also lured criminals into the counterfeiting of drugs which, is impacting people’s health and put their life in danger. Through the drug supply chain, a substantial portion of counterfeit drugs are injected and distributed through the healthcare supply chain network, so the supply chain plays a vital role in drug distribution and impacts patient lives. Through digitalization in the healthcare sector, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) provides a platform with ground-breaking results by providing a system for drug traceability with consideration of the critical requirements of transparency, privacy, and authenticity without involving any third party. In DLT, each distribution partner is registered to maintain transparency with the drug information. Real-time transfer of information about the change of ownership with date and time in the form of blocks gives visibility to all the partners in real time about the authenticity of drugs. This article will give information about the benefits of Distributed Ledger Technology to the pharmaceutical industry and the traceability of drugs from end-to-end of the pharmaceutical supply chain.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access November 1, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Role of Enterprise Applications for Pharmaceutical Drug Traceability

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 41-46. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.812
Abstract
The role of enterprise applications in pharmaceutical industries is driving the digital transformation of various critical processes, and one process benefiting from this innovation is pharmaceutical drug traceability. This industry grapples with challenges like a lack of transparency, difficulties in tracking products, a deficit of trust, and issues related to
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The role of enterprise applications in pharmaceutical industries is driving the digital transformation of various critical processes, and one process benefiting from this innovation is pharmaceutical drug traceability. This industry grapples with challenges like a lack of transparency, difficulties in tracking products, a deficit of trust, and issues related to shipping expired products. To address these concerns, blockchain technology as an enterprise application has been harnessed as a solution. Notably, counterfeit drug prevention emerged as the most prevalent category, aligning with the pharmaceutical industry's primary objective. Blockchain technology is an emerging innovation that is finding enterprise applications in various industries, including healthcare. In the healthcare sector, Blockchain networks are being utilized to securely store and exchange patient data across hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, pharmacies, and medical practitioners. These enterprise applications can effectively identify and mitigate critical errors, including potentially hazardous ones within the realm of healthcare. Consequently, this enterprise technology holds the promise of enhancing the efficiency, security, and transparency of medical data sharing within the healthcare system. Moreover, it offers valuable tools for medical institutions to gain insights and improve the analysis of medical records. It visually represents the diverse capabilities, enablers, and the unified workflow process of Blockchain technology in supporting healthcare on a global scale. Additionally, the paper presents a thorough discussion of fourteen significant applications of Blockchain in healthcare, underscoring its pivotal role in addressing issues like deception in clinical trials.Full article
Review Article
Open Access October 7, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Emerging Digital Technologies for Pharmaceutical Drug Traceability

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 34-40. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.794
Abstract
The pharmaceutical supply chain environment has undergone tremendous change in recent decades due to technology, and this shift is intensifying. One of the main concerns of business practitioners is how to cost-effectively integrate, implement, and manage technologies across the supply chain of an organization. Pharmaceutical organizations that produce, ship, and
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The pharmaceutical supply chain environment has undergone tremendous change in recent decades due to technology, and this shift is intensifying. One of the main concerns of business practitioners is how to cost-effectively integrate, implement, and manage technologies across the supply chain of an organization. Pharmaceutical organizations that produce, ship, and supply goods have trouble tracking their goods, which makes it easier for counterfeiters to get fake medications into the system. The creation and implementation of a stringent technological system might be a significant step in the arduous battle against the prevalence of fake medications and other healthcare items. In supply chain management, digital technologies have a number of potential advantages. The usage of the Internet of Things in supply chains can make every component visible and create a visible supply chain, making it possible to identify the position and specifications of all the components and materials in the supply chain at any given time.Full article
Review Article
Open Access October 3, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Pharmaceutical Drug Serialization: A Comprehensive Review

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 26-33. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.786
Abstract
A persistent problem in the pharmaceutical industry that has existed for centuries is the prevalence of counterfeit drugs, and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that millions of people are affected by this issue each year. In particular, 4 out of 10 drugs in poor or underdeveloped countries may be
[...] Read more.
A persistent problem in the pharmaceutical industry that has existed for centuries is the prevalence of counterfeit drugs, and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that millions of people are affected by this issue each year. In particular, 4 out of 10 drugs in poor or underdeveloped countries may be adulterated, which can lead to severe adverse events. To address this problem, many countries have implemented regulatory compliance measures such as pharmaceutical drug serialization, which requires the unique identification of every drug package manufactured. This enables tracking and tracing of individual packages throughout the supply chain and helps to prevent counterfeit drugs from entering the market. In this paper, we conduct a systematic review of the serialization process evaluation and its impact on the pharmaceutical industry. We discuss the benefits of pharmaceutical drug serialization, including its ability to improve drug security and reduce adverse events and investigations. We also examine the challenges associated with implementing serialization processes and the regulatory requirements necessary for compliance. Finally, we explore the various tracking and tracing technologies used in serialization processes and their effectiveness in preventing the distribution of counterfeit drugs. Overall, this paper highlights the importance of pharmaceutical drug serialization in ensuring the safety and efficacy of drugs in the healthcare industry, particularly in poor or underdeveloped countries where the problem of adulterated drugs is especially prevalent.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access September 10, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Pharmaceutical Drug Packaging and Traceability: A Comprehensive Review

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 19-25. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.769
Abstract
A Medical devices and pharmaceutical drugs are packaged to maintain their stability and integrity during post-production shipping and storage prior to clinical usage. During delivery and storage, the packaging may come into direct or indirect contact with the drug product or medical device, which may result in chemical interactions between
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A Medical devices and pharmaceutical drugs are packaged to maintain their stability and integrity during post-production shipping and storage prior to clinical usage. During delivery and storage, the packaging may come into direct or indirect contact with the drug product or medical device, which may result in chemical interactions between the two. Packaging can be crucial for success, protection, and sale. Like other supermarket items, prescription pharmaceuticals must be packaged in a way that will meet the needs of security and provide speedy packaging, safety, identity, superiority of products, patient safety, and goods superiority. Packaging is a science and an art where many factors are taken into account, starting with the fundamental design and technology used to pack the product without any instability and providing protection, presentation and observance of manufactured goods during transportation, storage, and consumption. In order to keep the drug physiochemical, biological, and chemical stability, packaging professionals create containers that can withstand the pressures that are applied during the supply and shipping processes. Improvements in the analysis of prescription drug development had long been fixated on packaging expertise.Full article
Review Article
Open Access August 16, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Pharmaceutical Drug Traceability by Blockchain and IoT in Enterprise Systems

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 11-18. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.749
Abstract
Pharmaceutical drug traceability is a regulatory compliance adopted by most nations in the world. A comprehensive analysis was carried out to explain the benefits of adopting enterprise system for pharmaceutical drug traceability. Counterfeit drugs are medicines that are fake and have been produced using incorrect potency, or incorrect ingredients used
[...] Read more.
Pharmaceutical drug traceability is a regulatory compliance adopted by most nations in the world. A comprehensive analysis was carried out to explain the benefits of adopting enterprise system for pharmaceutical drug traceability. Counterfeit drugs are medicines that are fake and have been produced using incorrect potency, or incorrect ingredients used to manufacture these drugs. Solving the drug counterfeiting problems by identifying the most effective and innovative technologies for protecting people's health is of essence these days for the world. Drug serialization is essential concept for drug traceability in the pharmaceutical supply chain. Blockchain is the latest stringent technology that makes drug distribution more secure in the supply chain. The blockchain-based drug traceability is a distributed shared data platform that shares information that is irreversible, reliable, responsible, and transparent in the PSC. Blockchain uses two powerful module, Hyperledger Fabric and Besu to satisfy important criteria for medication traceability, such as privacy, trust, transparency, security, authorization and authentication, and scalability. Researchers in Health informatics can use blockchain designs as a useful road map to develop and implement end-to-end pharmaceutical drug traceability in the supply chain to prevent drug counterfeiting. Industrial IoT is also a key component for the pharmaceutical industry. IoT systems in pharmaceutical drug traceability can be beneficial as they are based on automation and computational methodologies.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access July 29, 2023 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Critical Success Factors of Adopting an Enterprise System for Pharmaceutical Drug Traceability

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 3-10. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.738
Abstract
For conducting advanced analytics initiatives to acquire in-depth data into usage habits, regional access, sales, and promotional success, etc., unique identification of packaged pharmaceuticals will be a fantastic enabler. The main objective of this study is to prevent and reduce the production of erroneous and counterfeit drugs using the enterprise
[...] Read more.
For conducting advanced analytics initiatives to acquire in-depth data into usage habits, regional access, sales, and promotional success, etc., unique identification of packaged pharmaceuticals will be a fantastic enabler. The main objective of this study is to prevent and reduce the production of erroneous and counterfeit drugs using the enterprise system, which has become a serious threat because it damages the reputation of legitimate drug manufacturers by trying to produce and market placebo medications that are identical to the real thing. Due to federal government procedures and priorities that frequently change over time, the majority of implementation takes time. To achieve compliance with numerous federal regulatory authorities, including drug traceability for patient safety, the pharmaceutical industry must implement a systematic procedure in an ERP environment. The goals would be to guarantee medical drug traceability and provide real-time warnings to supply chain stakeholders and regulatory bodies to maximize the benefit of integrating a drug traceability system into an ERP environment. Additionally, manufacturers are compelled to maintain product costs on the higher side due to a heavy burden of unchecked manufacturing cost spikes. As a result, innovative marketing schemes must be introduced in order to increase the reach to consumers by putting into practice successful strategies.Full article
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Review Article
Open Access December 23, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Erroneous uses of NSAIDs in patients with COVID-19, Dengue, and Chikungunya

Universal Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2023, 2(1), 1-2. DOI: 10.31586/ujpp.2023.551
Abstract
NSAIDs are aberrantly used for pain management but pain and discomforts exerted from viral infections like COVID-19, Dengue, and Chikungunya should strictly be treated according to clinical guidelines and weighing risk-benefits, among such patients.
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NSAIDs are aberrantly used for pain management but pain and discomforts exerted from viral infections like COVID-19, Dengue, and Chikungunya should strictly be treated according to clinical guidelines and weighing risk-benefits, among such patients.Full article
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ISSN: 2834-5436
DOI prefix: 10.31586/ujpp
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2021-2024
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