# Volume 2, Number 1, 2023

### Charged Stellar Model with Generalized Chaplygin Equation of State Consistent with Observational Data

**Abstract**

In this paper, we found a new model for a compact star with charged anisotropic matter distribution considering the generalized Chaplygin equation of state. The Einstein-Maxwell field equations have been solved with a particular form of metric potential and electric field intensity. The plots show that physical variables such as

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In this paper, we found a new model for a compact star with charged anisotropic matter distribution considering the generalized Chaplygin equation of state. The Einstein-Maxwell field equations have been solved with a particular form of metric potential and electric field intensity. The plots show that physical variables such as radial pressure, energy density, charge density, anisotropy, radial speed sound, and the mass are fully well defined and are regular in the star's interior. We obtained models consistent with stellar objects such as GJ 832, LHS 43, SAO 81292, GJ 380, GJ 412, and SAO 62377.Full article

**Figures**

Article

### Entangled Photon Generation from a Three-Level Laser with a Parametric Amplifier and Coupled to a Thermal Reservoir

**Abstract**

In this article the investigation of squeezing and statistical properties of light resulting by a non-degenerate three-level laser with the parametric amplifier and coupled to a thermal reservoir have been occurred. With the aid of master equation, stochastic differential equations were obtained. Applying solutions of resulting differential equations, quadrature variance,

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In this article the investigation of squeezing and statistical properties of light resulting by a non-degenerate three-level laser with the parametric amplifier and coupled to a thermal reservoir have been occurred. With the aid of master equation, stochastic differential equations were obtained. Applying solutions of resulting differential equations, quadrature variance, the mean and variance of photon number, the photon number correlation are calculated. However, the two-mode driving light has no effect on the squeezing properties of the cavity modes. On the other hand, parametric amplifier and thermal reservoir increase the mean and variance of photon number. Furthermore, employing the same solutions, we also obtain anti normally ordered characteristic function defined in the Heisenberg picture. For a linear gain coefficient of (A = 100), for a cavity damping constant of K= 0:8, µ = 0 and for thermal reservoir th = 0, the maximum intra cavity photon entanglement is found at steady state and at threshold to be 60%.Full article

**Figures**

Review Article

### Two-Mode Sub harmonic Generator Coupled to Thermal Reservoir

**Abstract**

In this article, our investigation to study squeezing and statistical properties of the light by a two mode sub harmonic generator coupled to thermal reservoir via a single port-mirror. The equation of motion answers are then used to calculate the mean photon number, photon number variance, and quadrature variance for

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In this article, our investigation to study squeezing and statistical properties of the light by a two mode sub harmonic generator coupled to thermal reservoir via a single port-mirror. The equation of motion answers are then used to calculate the mean photon number, photon number variance, and quadrature variance for two mode cavity light. However, we have found that the degree of squeezing is indeed affected by the present of thermal light. The mean photon number of the system under consideration increases with increasing $\stackrel{-}{\mathrm{n}}$.Full article

**Figures**

Review Article

### Spin Structures and non-Relativistic Spin Operators

**Abstract**

In Quantum Physics, the spin and angular momentum operators are magnitudes introduced by means of a vector transformation law. However, interpreting the eigenvalues of its Z "components" as projections on said axis leads to certain contradictions supposedly avoided by a mandatory (presented as a freely selected) Z's orientation. It is

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In Quantum Physics, the spin and angular momentum operators are magnitudes introduced by means of a vector transformation law. However, interpreting the eigenvalues of its Z "components" as projections on said axis leads to certain contradictions supposedly avoided by a mandatory (presented as a freely selected) Z's orientation. It is shown that an oriented physical space almost forces us to project the angular momentum's and spin's eigenvalues onto its orientation's 3-form, which sidesteps entering into inconsistencies. The final conclusion is that this "rare" magnitude called spin, downright naturally comes in and plays thanks to the orientation of our three-dimensional space.Full article

Communication

ISSN: 2834-5479

DOI prefix: 10.31586/ujpr

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