Review Article

Responding to the Call through Translating Science into Impact: Building an Evidence-Based Approaches to Effectively Curb Public Health Emergencies [Covid-19 Crisis]

Table 2

Contextual Variables for Intervention Design, Implementation, andAdaptation

Category Examples

Individual Personal/Individual health historyEducation level Basic human needsa

Interpersonal History of family healthSocial capital Peers support
Organizational Organizational culture Staff expertiseStaff configuration Physical infrastructure

Sociocultural ValuesSocial normsHistoryCultural traditions
Economic and political Political ideology Political will Lobbying as well as special interests costs and benefits

aBasic human needs include food, shelter, warmth, and safety.
Source: Adapted from Brownson et al., [38] and Raimi et al., [2]