Global Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease

Volume 4, Number 1, 2024

Open Access April 6, 2024 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Clinical differences between hospitalized patients with COVID-19-related pneumonia and those with influenza-related pneumonia during the omicron variant surge

Global Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease 2024, 4(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.31586/gjeid.2024.913
Abstract
Background: COVID-19-related pneumonia was initially rare, though influenza-related pneumonia is well known as a severe complication of influenza. However, COVID-19-related pneumonia may be increasing since the omicron variant of COVID-19 appeared. Methods: The clinical differences between COVID-19-related and influenza-related pneumonia patients were retrospectively investigated in patients hospitalized from January 2022
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Background: COVID-19-related pneumonia was initially rare, though influenza-related pneumonia is well known as a severe complication of influenza. However, COVID-19-related pneumonia may be increasing since the omicron variant of COVID-19 appeared. Methods: The clinical differences between COVID-19-related and influenza-related pneumonia patients were retrospectively investigated in patients hospitalized from January 2022 to December 2023. Results: COVID-19-related and influenza-related pneumonias were found in 46 of 285 (15.8%) and 6 of 12 (50.0%) patients, respectively (p<0.001). Their mean ages were 75.5 (45-93) years and 53.8 (19-73) years in COVID-19-related and influenza-related pneumonia cases, respectively (p=0.002). Aspiration pneumonia was more common in COVID-19-related pneumonia (28/46=60.9%) than in influenza-related pneumonia patients, and it was treated by sulbactam/ampicillin (31/46=67.4%). The influenza-related pneumonia patients were more often infected in the work place (2/6=33.3%) and not vaccinated (4/6=66.7%), compared with COVID-19-related patients. Death occurred in 7 of 46 (15.2%) COVID-19 patients, but none of 6 influenza-infected patients died. Conclusions: These data suggest that COVID-19-related pneumonia presented as aspiration pneumonia in older patients, although influenza-related pneumonia was more common in younger and non-vaccinated patients and might be associated with immune mechanisms during the omicron variant surge era.Full article
Article
ISSN: 2770-8675
DOI prefix: 10.31586/gjeid
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