Filter options

Publication Date
From
to
Subjects
Journals

Article Types
Countries / Territories
Open Access May 22, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Pooled prevalence and contextual determinants of contraceptive utilization among reproductive-age women in The Gambia: Evidence from 2013 – 2020 Demographic Health Surveys

Abstract Background: Family planning (FP) methods have been found as an efficient approach of reducing fertility and are therefore widely supported in order to decrease population growth, particularly in poor nations. Promoting contraception availability among women (15 – 49) age has also been shown to be an efficient public health strategy for improving maternal and newborn health outcomes. This [...] Read more.
Background: Family planning (FP) methods have been found as an efficient approach of reducing fertility and are therefore widely supported in order to decrease population growth, particularly in poor nations. Promoting contraception availability among women (15 – 49) age has also been shown to be an efficient public health strategy for improving maternal and newborn health outcomes. This paper aimed at exploring the pooled prevalence of contraceptive uptake and its contextual determinants among women of childbearing age in The Gambia. Methods: The Gambia Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) in both 2013 and 2019-20 was used for this study. Data were obtained from a pooled 22,098 women aged 15-49 (10,233 for 2013 and 11,865 for 2019-20) through a stratified two-stage cluster sampling approach. Percentages and chi-square tests were used and variables with p-value <0.05 were included into the model. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to assess the predictors of contraceptive usage at 95% confidence interval (CIs) with computed adjusted odds ratios (aORs). All the study data were analyzed using Stata version 15. Results: The weighted pooled prevalence of modern contraceptive utilization in The Gambia was 10.1%. Younger age, compared with women aged 25-29; 30-34; 35-39; 40-44; primary education (aOR=1.25, 95% CI=1.05-1.49); secondary education (aOR=1.57, 95% CI= 1.32-1.85); Higher education (aOR=1.90, 95% CI=1.34-12.69); living in urban areas (aOR=1.49, 95% CI= 1.25-1.79); parity 2-4 (aOR=1.21, 95% CI= 1.01-1.47); told about FP at health facility (aOR=2.97, 95% CI= 2.61-3.38), and no desire for many children (aOR=1.96, 95% CI= 1.62-2.37) were more like to use modern contraceptives among Gambian women. Conclusion: The programme certainly needs to consider improvements in the quality of care being offered to acceptors. Government agencies should target these programs and campaigns on regional FP demands and provide suitable culturally sensitive and regionally adaptive services to the communities' contexts. The programme should intensify its efforts in rural and urban settings to improve accessibility to and availability of FP services.
Figures
PreviousNext
Research Article
Open Access February 25, 2022 Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX

Prevalence and Determinants of Acute Respiratory Infections among Children under Five Years in Rural Settings of The Gambia: Evidence from a National Survey

Abstract Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) generally describe a group of infections caused by a range of organisms whose site of action includes the nostrils, through the pharynx to the alveoli. ARIs are reportedly key contributing factors to childhood morbidities and deaths, with a higher impact on children less than the age of five years. This paper aimed at exploring the prevalence [...] Read more.
Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) generally describe a group of infections caused by a range of organisms whose site of action includes the nostrils, through the pharynx to the alveoli. ARIs are reportedly key contributing factors to childhood morbidities and deaths, with a higher impact on children less than the age of five years. This paper aimed at exploring the prevalence of ARIs and their contextual determinants among children less than 60 months of age in the rural settings of the Gambia. Method: The Gambia Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) in 2019-20 was used for this study. Data were obtained from 1364 rural women aged 15-49 with children less than 60 months through a stratified two-stage cluster sampling approach. Percentages and chi-square tests were used and variables with p-value <0.15 were included in the model. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to assess the predictors of acute respiratory infection at 95% confidence interval (CIs) with computed adjusted odds ratios (aORs). All the study data were analyzed using Stata version 17. Results: The weighted prevalence of ARIs among children under 60 months of age in the rural Gambia was 37.1% with 95% CI (34.5% - 39.6%). The magnitude of ARI was higher among children 25-60 months age group (38.6%), male children (38.9%) unvaccinated children (42.9%), and those whose fathers and mothers were not working at 60.5% and 38.7%, respectively. In the adjusted model, children whose mother had primary education (aOR=0.65, 95% CI= 0.46-0.91), currently non-breastfed children (aOR=1.40, 95% CI= 1.09-1.79) and those whose father were not working (aOR=2.65, 95% CI= 1.47-4.17) were found to be associated with ARIs among children less than 60 months in The Gambia. Conclusion: The prevalence of ARI was moderately high across children under 5 years of age in rural Gambia, low mother’s educational levels, and unemployed fathers. The program must consider improvements in the quality of care provided to children in both primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare levels in rural settings. Partner support and adapting community-based supporting systems on child health strategies should be strengthened especially in rural settings.
Research Article

Query parameters

Keyword:   Afape Ayobami

Citations of

Views of

Downloads of