Review Article

Responding to the Call through Translating Science into Impact: Building an Evidence-Based Approaches to Effectively Curb Public Health Emergencies [Covid-19 Crisis]

Table 5

Potential Barriers and Solutions for Use of Evidence-Based DecisionMaking in Environmental/Public Health

S/N Barrier Potential Solution

1. Inadequate resources Commitment to increase funding for prevention and rectifying staff shortages
2. Leadership lacks and uncertainty in setting a clear and focused agenda for evidence-based approaches Commitment from all levels of environmental/public health leaders to increase the understanding of the value of EBEPH approaches
3. Inadequate incentives for using evidence-based approaches Identification of new ways of shaping organizational culture toward supporting EBEPH
4. Inadequate view of the long-term “horizon” for program implementation and evaluation Adoption and adherence to causal frameworks and formative evaluation plans
5. External (including political) pressures drive the process away from an evidence-based approach Systematic communication and dissemination strategies
6. Inadequate training in key public health disciplines Wider dissemination of new and established training programs, including use of distance learning technologies
7. Inadequate time to gather information, analyze data, and review the literature for evidence Enhanced skills for efficient analysis and review of the literature, computer searching abilities, use of systematic reviews
8. Inadequate evidence on the effectiveness of certain environmental/public health interventions for special populations Increased funding for applied environmental/public health research; better dissemination of findings
9. Inadequate information on implementation of interventions A greater emphasis on building the evidence base for external validity

Source: Adapted from Brownson et al., [38]